Artificial intelligence, or AI – machine functions that exhibit abilities of the human mind such as learning and problem solving – is in a phase of rapid development. U.S.-based and international technology companies are in an intense competition to develop AI systems that can automate tasks in a diverse range of industries, from entertainment to marketing to human resources. However, AI systems are so complex that even their developers are sometimes uncertain about how they make decisions. This has raised unique ethical and regulatory challenges, as researchers point to evidence that AI systems can be biased in favor of certain groups of people for jobs, services or loans. Many researchers are calling for greater transparency and for a legal “right to explanation” for those affected by AI decisions.read full report
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AI powers facial recognition software, such as this system that analyzed a photo of German Chancellor Angela Merkel. (John MacDougall/AFP/Getty Images)